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Water Security

Enrollment in this course is by invitation only

This course examines the world’s water issues through the lens of human security and development and water security to improve human security. In this course our question is: What would sustainable water resources governance and management look like if the primary aim was security of people? As a professionally-oriented course, we are interested in (i) policy options; (ii) practical interventions; and (iii) best practices. Given the particular issue at hand, in relation to many actors, forces and factors, what would a water manager do to improve water security and water and security?

Water is not an ordinary good – it is finite and ever-renewable; it is a stock that can be depleted and a flow that runs away (only to return in a different form at a different place and time); it is indispensable for life and thus necessary for us all, but it can be turned into a commodity or used as an input in industrial production; and it comes in different colours i.e. blue, green, grey, brown, black – and forms i.e. solid, liquid, gas/vapour; it also exists virtually, in everything we eat and in many goods that we make. Water, put simply, makes the human world go around. It is often said that we face a world water crisis and that this crisis is largely of our own making.

The reported severe water scarcity issues are due to both economic water scarcity and physical water scarcity. The second-order scarcity issues related to shortage of financial, technical and human capital and appropriate governance and management structures remain critical. Water is embedded in the Sustainable Development Goals, having its own specific goal (SDG 6), but being necessary to the achievement of all other goals and therefore is linked to one’s ability to study, to think clearly, to be or become educated. States are the primary political entities in the world and through national, regional and international structures (policies, laws, procedures, institutions and organizations), state actors have outlined an agenda for good water governance and integrated water resources management. Numerous international meetings have been held to determine the ways and means of realizing water security for all, and by all we mean not just people, but the natural environment – all flora and fauna – as well. Private sector actors and non-governmental organizations have been brought into the mix in a number of ways. Despite all of these innovations in thinking and practice, the world remains a long way from ensuring enough water of good quality for all. This situation often forces civil society into action: often the only way to secure water for human development is to take to the streets in protest against government inaction or government action.


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Course Staff

Dr Thokozani Kanyerere

Thokozani Kanyerere is a Senior Lecturer at University of Western Cape where he teaches and conducts research related to groundwater management since 2013. He has 20 years’ of experience in university academic and research work. He received his MSc from University of Malawi (2001) and MPhil from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology in Norway (2004) and obtained his PhD (2012) from University of Western Cape in South Africa where he assessed groundwater management practices for domestic use using IWRM approach. He is involved in direct and developmental applied research work from capacity building perspective. His research interests are in groundwater/surface-water interaction, aquifer characterization, groundwater recharge; groundwater management with a focus on quality which enabled him to coordinate academic and groundwater projects. His passion is on water education for capacity development. Dr Kanyerere is a supervisor, examiner of postgraduate students and a reviewer of several peer-reviewed journals and institutes.

Dr Timothy Dube

Timothy Dube is a Professor of GIScience and Earth Observation (EO) for environmental & water resources management at the University of the Western Cape. He holds a PhD in Environmental Science from the University of KwaZulu Natal, MSc in Water Resources and Environmental Management from the University of Twente and a Bachelor’s Degree in Geography from the University of Zimbabwe. He has 13 years’ of experience in university academic and research work. His research is inclined towards the use of cutting-edge satellite & in-situ earth observation technologies in tracking the impacts of climate change and in monitoring water resources and the environment. He has been involved in intensive EO training and capacity building across different institutions of higher learning and research in Southern Africa. Currently, he serves in the African Association of Remote Sensing of the Environment as a technical board member. His engagement with EO technology applications is not only restricted to research in Africa but also involves collaborations with various EO experts from European institutions, promoting EO knowledge and skills transfer to enhance policy formulation & decision making to promote Economic Development in the SADC & Africa.

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Dr Mangaliso Gondwe

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Prof Patricia K Mogomotsi

Patricia Kefilwe Mogomotsi is an Associate Professor of Natural Resources Economics in the Department of Economics, University of Botswana. She holds a PhD in Economic and Management Science from North-West University, South Africa. In addition to her PhD, she holds four other qualifications, namely Master of Financial Management from Amity University, Master of Economics from Rhodes University, BComm Hons (Economics) from Stellenbosch University and BA (Economics) from the University of Botswana. Her research focuses on how institutions could be designed to promote equitable allocation of water and other natural resources. This is necessary for addressing inherent inequalities and inequities in natural resource allocations against vulnerable and marginalised groups within societies.

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